# AutoFEM Software - Finite Element Analysis for AutoCAD users

AutoFEM Analysis is a system of finite-element analysis. The main feature of the system is its deep integration with AutoCAD. By using AutoFEM Analysis, a user of AutoCAD gets the possibility to solve the problem of finite-element modeling of various physical phenomena [AutoFEM Analysis, Finite Element Analysis Software, AutoCAD]

## AutoFEM Analysis - a system of finite-element analysis

AutoFEM Analysis is a system of finite-element analysis. The main feature of the system is its deep integration with AutoCAD. By using AutoFEM Analysis a user of AutoCAD gets the possibility to solve the problem of finite-element modeling of various physical phenomena: *Static analysis (calculations on the strength of structures); *Calculation of natural frequencies of structures; *Calculation of critical load (the stability of the system); *Thermal calculations and other tasks.

## AutoFEM Analysis | AutoFEM Software

AutoFEM Analysis is a system of finite-element analysis. The main feature of the system is its deep integration with AutoCAD. By using AutoFEM Analysis a user of AutoCAD gets the possibility to solve the problem of finite-element modeling of various physical phenomena: *Static analysis (calculations on the strength of structures); *Calculation of natural frequencies of structures; *Calculation of critical load (the stability of the system); *Thermal calculations and other tasks.

## AutoFEM Analysis (1 quarter subscription)

AutoFEM Analysis is a system of finite-element analysis. The main feature of the system is its deep integration with AutoCAD. By using AutoFEM Analysis a user of AutoCAD gets the possibility to solve the problem of finite-element modeling of various physical phenomena: *Static analysis (calculations on the strength of structures); *Calculation of natural frequencies of structures; *Calculation of critical load (the stability of the system); *Thermal calculations and other tasks.

## AutoFEM Analysis (1 quarter subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Analysis (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Analysis (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration

## AutoFEM Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration (1 quarter subscription)

## AutoFEM Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration (1 quarter subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Buckling Analysis

AutoFEM Buckling Analysis is useful in designing structures, the operation of which involves a lasting impact on the intensity of various loads. With this module the user can obtain the safety margin for the so-called «Critical load» - a load at which the design can be a significant leap inelastic deformation, often leading to its destruction or serious damage. In the parameters of the problem of stability, one can determine the number of forms of equilibrium states to be determined and other parameters of the calculation. As a result of buckling analysis, values of the coefficients of the critical loads at which there is a loss of stability are obtained, as well as appropriate forms of instability. The critical load factor - the estimated value of the coefficient whose product on applied load, gives the actual value of the critical load, causing the system to a new equilibrium. For example, the model applied distributed force 1000 N. The ratio of the critical load of the calculation results was 109.18. This means that the first form of stable equilibrium for this model has a critical load of 109180 N. The relative displacement (buckling mode) is a shape of the equilibrium steady state corresponding to a certain critical load. Forms of equilibrium states that are displayed in the window Postprocessor after the calculation represent the relative displacement. Analyzing these forms, you can conclude the nature of displacement in situations of instability. Knowing the expected equilibrium shape at a certain critical load, can, for example, specify additional fastening or support in the field of design corresponding to the peak of this form of equilibrium, which would effectively change the mechanical properties of the product.

## AutoFEM Buckling Analysis | AutoFEM Software

AutoFEM Buckling Analysis is useful in designing structures, the operation of which involves a lasting impact on the intensity of various loads. With this module the user can obtain the safety margin for the so-called «Critical load» - a load at which the design can be a significant leap inelastic deformation, often leading to its destruction or serious damage. In the parameters of the problem of stability, one can determine the number of forms of equilibrium states to be determined and other parameters of the calculation. As a result of buckling analysis, values of the coefficients of the critical loads at which there is a loss of stability are obtained, as well as appropriate forms of instability. The critical load factor - the estimated value of the coefficient whose product on applied load, gives the actual value of the critical load, causing the system to a new equilibrium. For example, the model applied distributed force 1000 N. The ratio of the critical load of the calculation results was 109.18. This means that the first form of stable equilibrium for this model has a critical load of 109180 N. The relative displacement (buckling mode) is a shape of the equilibrium steady state corresponding to a certain critical load. Forms of equilibrium states that are displayed in the window Postprocessor after the calculation represent the relative displacement. Analyzing these forms, you can conclude the nature of displacement in situations of instability. Knowing the expected equilibrium shape at a certain critical load, can, for example, specify additional fastening or support in the field of design corresponding to the peak of this form of equilibrium, which would effectively change the mechanical properties of the product.

## AutoFEM Buckling Analysis (1-year subscription)

AutoFEM Buckling Analysis is useful in designing structures, the operation of which involves a lasting impact on the intensity of various loads. With this module the user can obtain the safety margin for the so-called «Critical load» - a load at which the design can be a significant leap inelastic deformation, often leading to its destruction or serious damage. In the parameters of the problem of stability, one can determine the number of forms of equilibrium states to be determined and other parameters of the calculation. As a result of buckling analysis, values of the coefficients of the critical loads at which there is a loss of stability are obtained, as well as appropriate forms of instability. The critical load factor - the estimated value of the coefficient whose product on applied load, gives the actual value of the critical load, causing the system to a new equilibrium. For example, the model applied distributed force 1000 N. ratio of the critical load of the calculation results was 109.18. This means that the first form of stable equilibrium for this model has a critical load of 109180 N. The relative displacement (buckling mode) is a shape of the equilibrium steady state corresponding to a certain critical load. Forms of equilibrium states that are displayed in the window Postprocessor after the calculation represent the relative displacement. Analyzing these forms, you can conclude the nature of displacement in situations of instability. Knowing the expected equilibrium shape at a certain critical load, can, for example, specify additional fastening or support in the field of design corresponding to the peak of this form of equilibrium, which would effectively change the mechanical properties of the product.

## AutoFEM Buckling Analysis (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

AutoFEM Buckling Analysis is useful in designing structures, the operation of which involves a lasting impact on the intensity of various loads. With this module the user can obtain the safety margin for the so-called «Critical load» - a load at which the design can be a significant leap inelastic deformation, often leading to its destruction or serious damage. In the parameters of the problem of stability, one can determine the number of forms of equilibrium states to be determined and other parameters of the calculation. As a result of buckling analysis, values of the coefficients of the critical loads at which there is a loss of stability are obtained, as well as appropriate forms of instability. The critical load factor - the estimated value of the coefficient whose product on applied load, gives the actual value of the critical load, causing the system to a new equilibrium. For example, the model applied distributed force 1000 N. The ratio of the critical load of the calculation results was 109.18. This means that the first form of stable equilibrium for this model has a critical load of 109180 N. The relative displacement (buckling mode) is a shape of the equilibrium steady state corresponding to a certain critical load. Forms of equilibrium states that are displayed in the window Postprocessor after the calculation represent the relative displacement. Analyzing these forms, you can conclude the nature of displacement in situations of instability. Knowing the expected equilibrium shape at a certain critical load, can, for example, specify additional fastening or support in the field of design corresponding to the peak of this form of equilibrium, which would effectively change the mechanical properties of the product.

## AutoFEM Buckling Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration

## AutoFEM Buckling Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Frequency Analysis

Frequency analysis allows the calculation of the natural (resonant) frequencies of the design and related forms of vibrations. It is useful in carrying out checks for the resonant frequencies in the working frequency range and optimizing the design in such a way as to prevent the emergence of resonances. So developers can improve the reliability and efficiency of the design. In the parameters of frequency analysis, the number of natural frequencies is determined. The system may be not fixed (free in space). Calculation of resonant frequencies takes into account the forces acting on the structure (e.g., gravity). Settings window parameters calculation of frequency analysis. As a result, frequencies and their forms of vibrations are derived. Natural frequency corresponds to the expected resonance frequency of the structure. Shape fluctuations (modes) show the relative deformation (displacement) which will be in the case of resonance at the corresponding natural frequency. It should be remembered that the forms of vibrations that are displayed in the Postprocessor window represent the relative amplitude of the oscillations only. Analyzing these forms, you can conclude the nature of the resonant displacement, but not about their actual amplitude. Knowing the expected form of vibration at a certain natural frequency, it's possible, for example, to specify additional fastening or support in the field of design corresponding to the peak of this form of vibrations that leads to effective change in the spectral properties of the product.

## AutoFEM Frequency Analysis | AutoFEM Software

Frequency analysis allows the calculation of the natural (resonant) frequencies of the design and related forms of vibrations. It is useful in carrying out checks for the resonant frequencies in the working frequency range and optimizing the design in such a way as to prevent the emergence of resonances. So developers can improve the reliability and efficiency of the design. The number of natural frequencies is determined in the frequency analysis parameters. The system may not be fixed (free in space). Calculating resonant frequencies considers the forces acting on the structure (e.g., gravity). Settings window parameters calculation of frequency analysis. As a result, frequencies and their forms of vibrations are derived. Natural frequency corresponds to the expected resonance frequency of the structure. Shape fluctuations (modes) show the relative deformation (displacement) which will be in the case of resonance at the corresponding natural frequency. It should be remembered that the forms of vibrations that are displayed in the Postprocessor window represent the relative amplitude of the oscillations only. Analyzing these forms, you can conclude the nature of the resonant displacement, but not about their actual amplitude. Knowing the expected form of vibration at a certain natural frequency, it's possible, for example, to specify additional fastening or support in the field of design corresponding to the peak of this form of vibrations that leads to effective change in the spectral properties of the product.

## AutoFEM Frequency Analysis (1-year subscription)

Frequency analysis allows the calculation of the natural (resonant) frequencies of the design and related forms of vibrations. It is useful in carrying out checks for the resonant frequencies in the working frequency range and optimizing the design in such a way as to prevent the emergence of resonances. So developers can improve the reliability and efficiency of the design. In the parameters of frequency analysis, the number of natural frequencies is determined. The system may be not fixed (free in space). Calculation of resonant frequencies takes into account the forces acting on the structure (e.g., gravity). Settings window parameters calculation of frequency analysis. As a result, frequencies and their forms of vibrations are derived. Natural frequency corresponds to the expected resonance frequency of the structure. Shape fluctuations (modes) show the relative deformation (displacement) which will be in the case of resonance at the corresponding natural frequency. It should be remembered that the forms of vibrations that are displayed in the Postprocessor window represent the relative amplitude of the oscillations only. Analyzing these forms, you can conclude the nature of the resonant displacement, but not about their actual amplitude. Knowing the expected form of vibration at a certain natural frequency, it's possible, for example, to specify additional fastening or support in the field of design corresponding to the peak of this form of vibrations that leads to effective change in the spectral properties of the product.

## AutoFEM Frequency Analysis (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

Frequency analysis allows the calculation of the natural (resonant) frequencies of the design and related forms of vibrations. It is useful in carrying out checks for the resonant frequencies in the working frequency range and optimizing the design in such a way as to prevent the emergence of resonances. So developers can improve the reliability and efficiency of the design. In the parameters of frequency analysis, the number of natural frequencies is determined. The system may be not fixed (free in space). Calculation of resonant frequencies takes into account the forces acting on the structure (e.g., gravity). Settings window parameters calculation of frequency analysis. As a result, frequencies and their forms of vibrations are derived. Natural frequency corresponds to the expected resonance frequency of the structure. Shape fluctuations (modes) show the relative deformation (displacement) which will be in the case of resonance at the corresponding natural frequency. It should be remembered that the forms of vibrations that are displayed in the Postprocessor window represent the relative amplitude of the oscillations only. Analyzing these forms, you can conclude the nature of the resonant displacement, but not about their actual amplitude. Knowing the expected form of vibration at a certain natural frequency, it's possible, for example, to specify additional fastening or support in the field of design corresponding to the peak of this form of vibrations that leads to effective change in the spectral properties of the product.

## AutoFEM Frequency Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration

## AutoFEM Frequency Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling Analysis

AutoFEM Static Analysis provides the calculation of the stress state of the structures under the forces that are constant in time. To date, this is probably the most requested task in the design. By using the module "Static analysis", an engineer can evaluate the allowable stresses in the design that is developed, determine the most weaknesses in the design, and make the necessary changes (optimize) the product. Static analysis also allows: taking into account the geometric nonlinearity; determining the stress-strain state of the effects of temperature; perform calculations of contact problems; such As the external loads on the structure, force, pressure, rotation, acceleration, bearing load, hydrostatic pressure, torque, and temperature can be applied. As the fixing, complete restriction of movement can be used, as well as the partial restriction of the axes (in Cartesian, cylindrical, and spherical coordinate systems). If it is assumed that under the applied loads in the details, there will be a significant displacement, it should be a static analysis that would take into account large displacements. To solve these problems, a non-linear solver organizes the process of incremental step loading and provides the solution of the linearized system of equations at each loading step. In addition, there is the possibility of calculating the stress state structures induced by thermal stress (problem of thermoelasticity). The temperature can be attached directly to the design or can be used as the result of the thermal calculation. The main results of static analysis are field of displacements of the structure in nodes of finite-element mesh; field relative deformation; field components of the stress; the energy of deformation; nodal forces; and field distribution of safety factor; This information is usually sufficient to predict the behavior of structures and make the decision to optimize the geometric shape of the product.

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling Analysis | AutoFEM Software

AutoFEM Static Analysis provides the calculation of the stress state of the structures under the forces that are constant in time. To date, this is probably the most requested task in the design. By using the module "Static analysis", an engineer can evaluate the allowable stresses in the design that is developed, determine the most weaknesses in the design, and make the necessary changes (optimize) the product. Static analysis also allows: taking into account the geometric nonlinearity; determining the stress-strain state of the effects of temperature; perform calculations of contact problems; such As the external loads on the structure, force, pressure, rotation, acceleration, bearing load, hydrostatic pressure, torque, and temperature can be applied. As the fixing, complete restriction of movement can be used, as well as the partial restriction of the axes (in Cartesian, cylindrical, and spherical coordinate systems). If it is assumed that under the applied loads in the details, there will be a significant displacement, it should be a static analysis that would take into account large displacements. To solve these problems, a non-linear solver organizes the process of incremental step loading and provides the solution of the linearized system of equations at each loading step. In addition, there is the possibility of calculating the stress state structures induced by thermal stress (problem of thermoelasticity). The temperature can be attached directly to the design or can be used as the result of the thermal calculation. The main results of static analysis are field of displacements of the structure in nodes of finite-element mesh; field relative deformation; field components of the stress; the energy of deformation; nodal forces; and field distribution of safety factor; This information is usually sufficient to predict the behavior of structures and make the decision to optimize the geometric shape of the product.

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling + ShipConstructor Integration (1 quarter subscription)

AutoFEM Static Analysis provides the calculation of the stress state of the structures under the forces that are constant in time. To date, this is probably the most requested task in the design. By using the module "Static analysis", an engineer can evaluate the allowable stresses in the design that is developed, determine the most weaknesses in the design, and make the necessary changes (optimize) the product. Static analysis also allows: taking into account the geometric nonlinearity; determining the stress-strain state of the effects of temperature; perform calculations of contact problems; such As the external loads on the structure, force, pressure, rotation, acceleration, bearing load, hydrostatic pressure, torque, and temperature can be applied. As the fixing, complete restriction of movement can be used, as well as the partial restriction of the axes (in Cartesian, cylindrical, and spherical coordinate systems). If it is assumed that under the applied loads in the details, there will be a significant displacement, it should be a static analysis that would take into account large displacements. To solve these problems, a non-linear solver organizes the process of incremental step loading and provides the solution of the linearized system of equations at each loading step. In addition, there is the possibility of calculating the stress state structures induced by thermal stress (problem of thermoelasticity). The temperature can be attached directly to the design or can be used as the result of the thermal calculation. The main results of static analysis are field of displacements of the structure in nodes of finite-element mesh; field relative deformation; field components of the stress; the energy of deformation; nodal forces; and field distribution of safety factor; This information is usually sufficient to predict the behavior of structures and make the decision to optimize the geometric shape of the product.

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling + ShipConstructor Integration (1 quarter subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling + ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling + ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling Analysis (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling Analysis (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration

## AutoFEM Static & Buckling Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency Analysis

AutoFEM Static Analysis provides the calculation of the stress state of the structures under the forces that are constant in time. To date probably this is the most requested task in the design. Using the module "Static analysis" an engineer can evaluate the allowable stresses in the design that is developed, determine the most weaknesses in the design, and make the necessary changes (optimize) the product. AutoFEM Frequency Analysis allows the calculation of the natural (resonant) frequencies of the design and related forms of vibrations. It is useful in carrying out checks for the resonant frequencies in the working frequency range and optimizing the design in such a way as to prevent the emergence of resonances. So developers can improve the reliability and efficiency of the design.

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency Analysis | AutoFEM Software

AutoFEM Static Analysis provides the calculation of the stress state of the structures under the forces that are constant in time. To date probably this is the most requested task in the design. Using the module "Static analysis" an engineer can evaluate the allowable stresses in the design that is developed, determine the most weaknesses in the design, and make the necessary changes (optimize) the product. AutoFEM Frequency Analysis allows the calculation of the natural (resonant) frequencies of the design and related forms of vibrations. It is useful in carrying out checks for the resonant frequencies in the working frequency range and optimizing the design in such a way as to prevent the emergence of resonances. So developers can improve the reliability and efficiency of the design.

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency + ShipConstructor Integration (1 quarter subscription)

AutoFEM Static Analysis provides the calculation of the stress state of the structures under the forces that are constant in time. To date probably this is the most requested task in the design. Using the module "Static analysis" an engineer can evaluate the allowable stresses in the design that is developed, determine the most weaknesses in the design, and make the necessary changes (optimize) the product. AutoFEM Frequency Analysis allows the calculation of the natural (resonant) frequencies of the design and related forms of vibrations. It is useful in carrying out checks for the resonant frequencies in the working frequency range and optimizing the design in such a way as to prevent the emergence of resonances. So developers can improve the reliability and efficiency of the design.

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency + ShipConstructor Integration (1 quarter subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency + ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency + ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency Analysis (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency Analysis (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration

## AutoFEM Static & Frequency Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Thermal Analysis

## AutoFEM Static & Thermal Analysis | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Thermal Analysis (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Static & Thermal Analysis (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Thermal Analysis +ShipConstructor Integration

## AutoFEM Static & Thermal Analysis +ShipConstructor Integration | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static & Thermal +ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Static & Thermal +ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static Analysis

## AutoFEM Static Analysis | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static Analysis (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Static Analysis (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Static Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration

AutoFEM Static Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration - AutoFEM Static Analysis enables engineers to perform static stress analyses of parts and assemblies under various loading conditions. Static studies calculate displacements, reaction forces, strains, stresses, and factors of safety distribution. Static analysis can help you avoid failure due to high stresses. Various structural loads and restraints can be specified including force, pressure, gravity, rotational load, bearing force, torque, prescribed displacement, temperature, etc.

## AutoFEM Static Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration | AutoFEM Software

AutoFEM Static Analysis provides the calculation of the stress state of the structures under the forces that are constant in time. To date, this is probably the most requested task in the design. By using the module "Static analysis", an engineer can evaluate the allowable stresses in the design that is developed, determine the most weaknesses in the design, and make the necessary changes (optimize) the product. Static analysis also allows: taking into account the geometric nonlinearity; determining the stress-strain state of the effects of temperature; perform calculations of contact problems; such As the external loads on the structure, force, pressure, rotation, acceleration, bearing load, hydrostatic pressure, torque, and temperature can be applied. As the fixing, complete restriction of movement can be used, as well as the partial restriction of the axes (in Cartesian, cylindrical, and spherical coordinate systems). If it is assumed that under the applied loads in the details, there will be a significant displacement, it should be a static analysis that takes into account large displacements. To solve these problems, a non-linear solver organizes the process of incremental step loading and provides the solution of the linearized system of equations at each loading step. In addition, there is the possibility of calculating the stress state structures induced by thermal stress (problem of thermoelasticity). The temperature can be attached directly to the design or can be used as the result of the thermal calculation. The main results of static analysis are field of displacements of the structure in nodes of finite-element mesh; field relative deformation; field components of the stress; the energy of deformation; nodal forcand es; and field distribution of safety factor; This information is usually sufficient to predict the behavior of structures and make the decision to optimize the geometric shape of the product.

## AutoFEM Static Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription)

## AutoFEM Static Analysis + ShipConstructor Integration (1-year subscription) | AutoFEM Software

## AutoFEM Thermal Analysis

AutoFEM Thermal Analysis - module provides a calculation of the temperature behavior of products under the action of sources of heat and radiation. Thermal analysis can be used independently to calculate the temperature and thermal field of the design, as well as in conjunction with static analysis to assess the resulting thermal deformation. In AutoFEM Thermal Analysis, the heat conduction problem has two statements: steady-state thermal conductivity - the calculation of the steady (stationary) temperature fields of structures under the applied thermal boundary conditions; time-dependent thermal conductivity - the calculation of temperature fields of construction is dependent on the time, that is, temperature loads have been made relatively recently, and there is a process of active redistribution of temperature fields; As the boundary conditions, temperature, heat flux, convective heat transfer, thermal power, radiation are used.

## AutoFEM Thermal Analysis | AutoFEM Software

AutoFEM Thermal Analysis - module provides a calculation of the temperature behavior of products under the action of sources of heat and radiation. Thermal analysis can be used independently to calculate the temperature and thermal field of the design, as well as in conjunction with static analysis to assess the resulting thermal deformation. In AutoFEM Thermal Analysis, the heat conduction problem has two statements: steady-state thermal conductivity - the calculation of the steady (stationary) temperature fields of structures under the applied thermal boundary conditions; time-dependent thermal conductivity - the calculation of temperature fields of construction is dependent on the time, that is, temperature loads have been made relatively recently, and there is a process of active redistribution of temperature fields; As the boundary conditions, temperature, heat flux, convective heat transfer, thermal power, radiation are used.

## AutoFEM Thermal Analysis (1-year subscription)

AutoFEM Thermal Analysis - module provides a calculation of the temperature behavior of products under the action of sources of heat and radiation. Thermal analysis can be used independently to calculate the temperature and thermal field of the design, as well as in conjunction with static analysis to assess the resulting thermal deformation. In AutoFEM Thermal Analysis, the heat conduction problem has two statements: steady-state thermal conductivity - the calculation of the steady (stationary) temperature fields of structures under the applied thermal boundary conditions; time-dependent thermal conductivity - the calculation of temperature fields of construction is dependent on the time, that is, temperature loads have been made relatively recently, and there is a process of active redistribution of temperature fields; As the boundary conditions, temperature, heat flux, convective heat transfer, thermal power, radiation are used.